James Madison did not always have the stellar reputation that he now does. Indeed, until the twentieth century nobody few paid attention to Federalist #10, now seen as the most important of those essays. In my edition of Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Senator Albert Beveridge of Indiana (and biographer of John Marshall) wrote the introduction to the Madison section. Here is part of what he said:
His character was not masterful. He was a follower of mightier men. He was easily influenced by such lordly wills as Hamilton, easily seduced by such subtle minds as Jefferson. Thus his public service was a series of contradictions, compromises, doubts and fears. . . . Between those tremendous mountain peaks of power, Hamilton and Jefferson, standing over each other, Madison was the valley.