Can Congress Pardon the President?
Here’s another interesting tidbit from the old OLC opinions. If you think that that the President cannot pardon himself, then can Congress pardon the President. The claim here is that a congressional pardon or amnesty would not interfere with the presidential pardon power because the President cannot self-pardon. In effect, a presidential pardon is the only one that Congress may grant.
I’m not sure this right. After all, a president can pardon his predecessor, as a Ford did with Nixon. If Ford had decided that pardoning Nixon was not in the national interest, could Congress overrule him? I would think not. Perhaps Congress could pardon the sitting President, though that would be somewhat strange.