Richard Epstein has posted a reply continuing our debate over whether employers should be able to use genetic testing information to make employment decisions regarding employees. Here are the posts in our debate so far:
2. Epstein, Two Cheers for Genetic Testing
4. Epstein, A Third Cheer for Genetic Testing
Epstein’s latest reply, A Third Cheer for Genetic Testing, slips in another cheer for genetic testing. He asserts that my argument that genetic information only reveals propensities, not the presence of certain conditions, actually cuts in favor of employers using genetic information:
That information should not make the employer instantly hand out a pink slip. It is one factor among many to be taken into the overall assessment. The insurance could be supplied, but in exchange for an additional premium that reflects that additional risk. Or the health insurance could be supplied subject to an exclusion for the risky condition. Judgments like that are made all the time in the insurance business, and there is no reason why they cannot be made with the processing of genetic information.
Epstein is certainly correct that genetic information is helpful in assessing risk, and he is right that employers need not just fire or refuse to hire people with genetic predispositions. But there are larger normative issue at stake: What risks ought people to bear? Who ought to bear these risks? How ought these risk to be distributed throughout society?