There are many memorable images in Rob Nixon’s book Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor. Describing the “risk relocation” that is a prime function of the global economy, he offers this vision of Nigeria:
Often, as a community contends with attritional assaults on its ecological networks, it isn’t granted equitable access (or any access at all) to modernity’s basic infrastructural networks . . . . Like those Niger Delta villages where children for decades had no access to electricity for studying at night, while above their communities Shell’s gas flares created toxic nocturnal illumination. Too dark for education, too bright for sleep: modernity’s false dawn. (42)
Exxon is now “a corporation so large and powerful — operating in some 200 nations and territories — that it really has its own foreign policy.” As Steve Coll observes, the US “gives Chad only a few millions dollars a year in aid, while Exxon’s taxes and royalties can be worth as much as $500 million.” Had Exxon directed only 10% of its 2008 profits to political expenditures that year, it would have spent “more than every candidate for President and every candidate for Senate spent at the last election.” In a surprising number of contexts, corporations enjoy far more freedom of action, and secrecy, than states.
Is it any wonder, then, that universities are beginning to shift allegiance, to pursue the agenda of corporate donors instead of public values? Conferences like EduFactory have chronicled the long history of the corporate university; Philip Mirowski has critiqued it in books and edited collections. But it feels like we are on the verge of a phase change, an irreversible acceleration of dynamics once muted and slowed by the ancient cultural identity of the university. Consider these developments:
1) Martha McCluskey has described “economics scholars simultaneously acting as academic experts on the public interest and as sellers of this expertise to the highest private bidder.” She has chronicled a number of troubling aspects of a recent report on fracking issued by the “Shale Resources and Society Institute” (SRSI) of SUNY Buffalo: