I’m reading through state bills of rights as part of my book research, so this may become a regular series. Let’s start with Article One, Section 2b of the New Jersey Constitution, which states:
“The people reserve unto themselves the power to recall, after at least one year of service, any elected official in this State or representing this State in the United States Congress.”
So with respect to members of Congress, this clause is clearly invalid. A state cannot recall a member of Congress before their term is up. A state legislature could petition the relevant House of Congress and ask it to expel the member (that would trigger a special election), but the decision would rest there.
Now I suppose a state could hold a symbolic recall of a Representative or Senator (sort of like a vote of no confidence), but that seems odd.