The Yale Law Journal Online: Bad News for Mail Robbers: The Obvious Constitutionality of Health Care Reform

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In Bad News for Mail Robbers: The Obvious Constitutionality of Health Care Reform, Andrew Koppleman analyzes Judge Vinson’s opinion in Florida v. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (striking down the Affordable Care Act). Judge Vinson said that individual mandate was not a “Necessary and Proper” extension of the Act’s insurance industry reforms; instead, “the individual mandate is actually being used as the means to avoid the adverse consequences of the Act itself.” Koppelman shows why that reasoning amounts to a fallacy: “If . . . Congress has no power to address negative consequences that follow from its own statutory scheme, then Marshall was wrong about mail robbery after all. Mail robbery is an adverse consequence of Congress’s decision to establish a post office: had it not done that, all those valuable documents would not be gathered together in one place. But, you might say, That sounds crazy; of course Congress can decide that it’s worth having a post office, even if establishing one creates negative side effects, which then must be addressed. But if—as Vinson admitted—Congress can also decide that people with preexisting conditions can be protected, then how can the cases be distinguished?”

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