Lawyers: Don’t Trade on Inside Information!
In my corporations classes, I urge my students planning a career in corporate and securities law to resist the ubiquitous opportunities and occasional temptations to trade on the basis of material non-public information. I offer in terrorum encouragement by emphasizing that all trades are tracked and that enforcement authorities periodically review them for unusual patterns. Those are traced back to professional advisors, including law firms, having been involved in related deals. It is not difficult for authorities to catch these violations.
Along with dozens of others apparently caught up in the ongoing insider trading scandal at Galleon, today, an associate at the prestigious firm, Ropes & Gray, is alleged to have violated securities laws by using confidential information obtained from clients to profit in securities trades. Lawyers, as fiduciaries, who obtain material information through client representation, violate their fiduciary obligations and hence federal securities laws when they trade on it. See United States v. O’Hagan, 541 U.S. 642 (1997).
Over at the Wall Street Journal blog, Ashby Jones is asking how common insider trading is among lawyers. This is obviously a difficult empirical question. I can add, however, that (a) in the four years that I practiced law at Cravath, Swaine & Moore, one of my fellow-associates engaged in this activity (with his brother) and authorities prosecuted him (in 1995) for it and (b) during the two years before that when I was a paralegal at Skadden, Arps, one of the associates for whom I worked did so (with his sister) and he was likewise caught (in 1990).
In addition, the famous case embracing the so-called misappropriation theory of insider trading, United States v. O’Hagan, 541 U.S. 642 (1997), involved a lawyer—a partner at Dorsey & Whitney, representing Grand Met in its acquisition of Pillsbury, who generated nearly $4 million in unlawful trading gains from the knowledge.
I repeat to my students, past and present, and all lawyers: do not do this!