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Elizabeth M. Glazer provides a fourth response (following in the wake of Professors Fennell, Garnett, and Underkuffler) to Eduardo Moisés Peñalver and Sonia K. Katyal’s Property Outlaws, 155 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1095 (2007).
Professor Glazer, in her Response, Rule by (Out)Law: Property’s Contingent Right to Exclude, attempts to explain why Peñalver and Katyal’s “property outlaws” so successfully violate property owners’ exclusion rights when the right to exclude is seen “as property law’s most important or defining right.” Professor Glazer concludes that “the outlaw tells us that an owner cannot invoke [the right to exclude] if she wishes to invoke it in isolation. . . .” She believes that the right to exclude is only absolute “so long as its exercise is coupled with the exercise of another right in the property bundle.”
Balganesh examines Professor Stadler’s argument that “the copyright grant be reformulated to consist of no more than an exclusive right to distribute works publicly.” He agrees that “copyright law ought to be visualized as a doctrine of unfair competition,” but offers an alternative conception of “implementing this ideal.” Balganesh writes, “Since copyright is about generating incentives for creation, we might want to connect [a competitive] nexus requirement to copyright’s instrumental purpose through a test of foreseeability. Given that liability for infringement is premised on a showing of copying, such a test would place the burden on the plaintiff to show that the defendant’s copying was in a market and of a form reasonably foreseeable when the work was created.”
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Responses and Debates, or to check out pdfs of the Penn Law Review‘s print edition articles.